English to Gujarati & Gujarati to English Dictionary
Gujarati Dictionary is a bilingual dictionary that translates words from English to Gujarati or Gujarati to English. It is a part of Language Networking, a social and educational initiative by KHANDBAHALE.COM, and is free and open to all for non-commercial use. It is recognised as an accurate and authentic language resource by scholars and experts and can also be downloaded as software and apps for multiple devices for online and offline use.
About the Gujarati Language
Gujarati (ગુજરાતી Gujarātī) is an Indo-Aryan language, and part of the greater Indo-European language family. It is derived from a language called Old Gujarati (1100–1500 AD) which is the ancestor language of the modern Gujarati and Rajasthani languages. It is native to the Indian state of Gujarat, where it is the chief language, neighbouring states such as Maharashtra and Rajasthan, and to the adjacent union territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Gujarati has a rich literary tradition dating back to the 12th century. The earliest known examples of Gujarati literature are the works of the poet Narsinh Mehta, who wrote devotional poetry in the 15th century. Gujarati literature has produced many famous poets and writers such as Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Patel, and Chinu Modi. The language has also played an important role in business, science and technology. Gujarati script is derived from the Brahmi script which was used in ancient India, it uses a variant of the Devanagari script. It is written from left to right and is a syllabic script, which means that each character represents a syllable. Gujarati has a complex system of grammar, with a rich system of particles, which are used to indicate various grammatical functions, such as tense and mood. Gujarati also has a complex system of honorifics and politeness markers, which are used to indicate the speaker's relationship to the person being addressed. Gujarati is a subject-object-verb language, meaning that the verb usually comes at the end of a sentence. In conclusion, Gujarati is a fascinating and rich language that reflects the culture and history of the people of Gujarat. It has a unique script and a complex grammatical structure, making it a challenging but rewarding language to learn. With the growing recognition of Gujarati culture and language, learning Gujarati can open up a wealth of opportunities for communication and cultural understanding of the people of Gujarat and the region.
ભારત દેશના પશ્ચિમ ભાગમાં આવેલા, પહેલાંના જમાનાથી વેપાર ક્ષેત્રે આંતર રાષ્ટ્રીય મહત્વ ધરાવતા ગુજરાત રાજ્યમાં ઉદ્ ભવેલિ અને ગુજરાતીઓ દ્વારા બોલાતી ભાષાનું નામ છે, ગુજરાતી ભાષા. ગુજરાતી ભાષાને આંતર રાષ્ટ્રીય ફલક પર વર્ગીકરણ પ્રણાલીમાં ઇન્ડો-આર્યન ભાષા સમુહમાં મુકવામાં આવે છે. ગુજરાત અને ભારતનાં અન્ય રાજ્યો તથા પાકિસ્તાન ઉપરાંત વિશ્વનાં અનેક દેશોમાં ગુજરાતી ભાષા બોલતા લોકો વસે છે, જેમાં મહદ્ અંશે, અમેરિકા, યુ.કે., કેન્યા તથા દક્ષિણ આફ્રિકા સહિત આફ્રિકાનાં અન્ય દેશો, કેનેડા, ઓસ્ટ્રેલિયા વિગેરેનો સમાવેશ કરી શકાય. ભારતને આઝાદી મળ્યા બાદ ગુજરાત રાજ્યની સ્થાપના ૧ મે, ૧૯૬૦ના રોજ થઇ હતી અને ત્યારથી ગુજરાત રાજ્યની અધિકૃત ભાષા તરિકે ગુજરાતીને સ્વિકારવામાં આવી છે.
Spoken In : India, Pakistan, United States, UK, South Africa, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Australia, New Zealand, Mauritius, Fiji, Canada, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Portugal, Panama, Malaysia, Norway
Native Speakers: 46.5 million (1997)
Language family: Indo-European > Indo-Iranian > Indo-Aryan > Western > Gujarati
Writing system: Gujarati script, former use of Devanagari before invention of Gujarati Script, also use of Arabic script by the Ismaili community and other Gujarati communities, mainly in Pakistan.
Official language in: Gujarat (India), Daman and Diu (India), Dadra and Nagar Haveli (India)
Regulated by: No official regulation
Language codes: gu (ISO 639-1), guj (ISO 639-2, ISO 639-3)
There are about 65.5 million speakers of Gujarati worldwide, making it the 26th most spoken native language in the world. Along with Romany and Sindhi, it is among the most western of Indo-Aryan languages. Gujarati was the first language of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the "Father of the Nation of India", Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the "Father of the Nation of Pakistan" and Vallabhbhai Patel, the "Iron Man of India." Other prominent personalities whose first language is or was Gujarati include Swami Dayananda Saraswati, Morarji Desai, Narsinh Mehta, Dhirubhai Ambani, and J. R. D. Tata.
- "Gujarati: A Descriptive Analysis" by Dr. J. K. Trivedi - This is a descriptive analysis of the phonetics, phonology, morphology, and syntax of the Gujarati language.
- "Gujarati Literature: A Critical Study" by Dr. M. R. Mehta - This book provides a critical study of Gujarati literature, including an analysis of its major themes, poets, and writers.
- "Gujarati Folklore" by Dr. S. K. Desai - This book provides an overview of Gujarat's folklore, including a study of traditional folk songs, stories and customs.
- "Gujarati: An Introduction" by Dr. V. N. Jhaveri - This book provides an introduction to the Gujarati language, including its history, grammar, vocabulary, and sentence structures.
- "Gujarati: A Sociolinguistic Study" by Dr. R. P. Desai - This book provides a sociolinguistic study of the Gujarati language, including an analysis of its use in different social contexts.
- "A Handbook of Gujarati Language" by Dr. J. N. Shah - This book provides a comprehensive reference on the Gujarati language, including its grammar, vocabulary, and sentence structures, as well as cultural and historical background.
- Government: National Portal of India : india.gov.in
- Gujarat State Portal : https://www.digitalgujarat.gov.in
- Wikipedia : en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gujarati_language
- Ajay Mitra Shastri; R. K. Sharma, Devendra Handa (2005). Revealing India's past: recent trends in art and archaeology. Aryan Books International. p. 227. ISBN 8173052875, ISBN 978-81-7305-287-3
- Smith, J.D. (2001) "Rajasthani." Facts about the world's languages: An encyclopedia of the world's major languages, past and present. Ed. Jane Garry, and Carl Rubino: New England Publishing Associates. pp. 591-593.
- Yashaschandra, S. (1995) "Towards Hind Svaraj: An Interpretation of the Rise of Prose in 19th-century Gujarati Literature." Social Scientist. Vol. 23, No. 10/12. pp. 41-55.
- Timeline: Personalities, Story of Pakistan. "Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)". Retrieved 2007-05-12.
- Gujarati language at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
- Bharatiya Bhasha Jyoti: Gujarati —a textbook for learning Gujarati through Hindi from the Central Institute of Indian Languages.
- Origin of Gujarati Language(in Gujarati)
- Gujarati Online Dictionary & Language Resources.