English to Tamil and Tamil to English Dictionary
Tamil Dictionary is a bilingual dictionary that translates words from English to Tamil or Tamil to English. It is a part of Language Networking, a social and educational initiative by KHANDBAHALE.COM, and is free and open to all for non-commercial use. It is recognised as an accurate and authentic language resource by scholars and experts and can also be downloaded as software and apps for multiple devices for online and offline use.
About the Tamil Language
Tamil (தமிழ், tamiḻ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people of the Indian subcontinent. It has official status in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and in the Indian union territory of Pondicherry. Tamil is also an official language of Sri Lanka and Singapore. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India and declared a classical language by the government of India in 2004. Tamil is also spoken by significant minorities in Malaysia and Mauritius as well as emigrant communities around the world. Tamil has a rich literary tradition, with the earliest known work being the "Tolkappiyam" written in the 3rd century BCE. It has produced many poets and authors, including Thiruvalluvar, who is considered to be one of the greatest poets in the language. Tamil script is called "Tamil script" it is widely used for writing the Tamil language. Tamil language has a rich cultural heritage, it is one of the ancient languages that has a vast collection of literature, ranging from religious texts to secular literature. It is known for its rich vocabulary, complex grammar and beautiful literary style. Despite its rich history, Tamil has faced challenges in recent years with the rise of other languages such as English and other regional languages. This has led to a decline in the use of Tamil, particularly among the youth. However, there are efforts to preserve and promote the language, such as the inclusion of Tamil in the curriculum of schools and the establishment of Tamil-language radio and television programs. In recent years, the use of technology has also helped to promote the language, with the internet and social media providing a platform for Tamil speakers to connect and share information. Tamil is a rich and unique language with a long history and a rich literary tradition. Despite facing challenges, there are efforts to preserve and promote the language, and with the help of technology, it is possible for the language to continue to thrive in the future.
தமிழ் மொழி (Tamil language) தமிழர்களின் தாய்மொழி. தமிழ் திராவிட மொழிக் குடும்பத்தின் முதன்மையான மொழிகளில் ஒன்றும் செம்மொழியும் ஆகும். இந்தியா, இலங்கை, மலேசியா, சிங்கப்பூர் ஆகிய நாடுகளில் அதிக அளவிலும், ஐக்கிய அரபு அமீரகம், தென்னாப்பிரிக்கா, மொரீசியஸ், பிஜி, ரீயுனியன், டிரினிடாட் போன்ற நாடுகளில் சிறிய அளவிலும் தமிழ் பேசப்படுகிறது. 1997-ம் ஆண்டு புள்ளி விவரப்படி உலகம் முழுவதிலும் 8 கோடி (80 மில்லியன்) மக்களால் பேசப்படும் தமிழ், ஒரு மொழியைத் தாய்மொழியாகக் கொண்டு பேசும் மக்களின் எண்ணிக்கை அடிப்படையில் பதினெட்டாவது இடத்தில் உள்ளது.
Spoken In : India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, Mauritius, and emigrant communities around the world.
Native Speakers: 66 million (1997), 8 million L2 speakers
Language family: Dravidian > Southern > Tamil–Kannada > Tamil–Kodagu > Tamil–Malayalam >Tamil
Writing system: Tamil script.
Official language in: India (Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry), Sri Lanka, and Singapore.
Regulated by: No official regulation
Language codes: ta (ISO 639-1), tam (ISO 639-2, ISO 639-3)
Tamil is one of the longest surviving classical languages in the world.It has been described as "the only language of contemporary India which is recognizably continuous with a classical past" and having "one of the richest literatures in the world". Tamil literature has existed for over 2000 years. The earliest epigraphic records found on rock edicts and hero stones date from around the 3rd century BCE. The earliest period of Tamil literature, Sangam literature, is dated from the 300 BCE – 300 CE. Tamil language inscriptions written c. 1st century BCE and 2nd century CE have been discovered in Egypt, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The two earliest manuscripts from India, to be acknowledged and registered by UNESCO Memory of the World register in 1997 and 2005 were in Tamil. More than 55% of the epigraphical inscriptions (about 55,000) found by the Archaeological Survey of India are in the Tamil language. According to a 2001 survey, there were 1,863 newspapers published in Tamil, of which 3 3 were dailies. It has the oldest extant literature amongst other Dravidian languages. The variety and quality of classical Tamil literature has led to its being described as "one of the great classical traditions and literatures of the world".
- Government: National Portal of India : india.gov.in
- Government of Tamilnadu : www.tn.gov.in
- "Official languages of Tamilnadu", Tamilnadu Government, retrieved 2007-05-01
- Wikipedia : en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamil_language
- Lewis, M. Paul (ed.), 2009. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Dallas: SIL International. Online version: Tamil language at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009).
- Steever, Sanford B. "The Dravidian languages", First Published (1998), pp. 6–9. ISBN 0-415-10023-2.
- The Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd ed. 1989. OED Online. Oxford University Press. 14 Aug. 2009
- Saiva Manuscript in Pondicherry, UNESCO.org
- Andronov, M.S. (1970), Dravidian Languages, Nauka Publishing House