English to Hindi & Hindi to English Dictionary
Hindi Dictionary is a bilingual dictionary that translates words from English to Hindi or Hindi to English. It is a part of Language Networking, a social and educational initiative by KHANDBAHALE.COM, and is free and open to all for non-commercial use. It is recognised as an accurate and authentic language resource by scholars and experts and can also be downloaded as software and apps for multiple devices for online and offline use.
About the Hindi Language
Hindi is one of the official languages of India and is spoken by over 260 million people in the country. It is also widely spoken in neighbouring countries such as Nepal and Mauritius. Hindi is a member of the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family, which is closely related to other languages such as Bengali, Punjabi, and Urdu. The script used to write Hindi is Devanagari, which is also used to write several other languages in India, including Sanskrit and Marathi. Hindi has a rich literary tradition, with famous poets and writers such as Kabir, Mirabai, and Premchand. The Bhagavad Gita, one of the most important texts in Hinduism, is written in Hindi. Additionally, Hindi films have a huge fan following and many Hindi films are popular not only in India but also in other countries. In terms of grammar, Hindi is a subject-object-verb language, meaning that the verb typically comes at the end of a sentence. It also has a complex system of honorifics, which are used to show respect to the person being spoken to or about. In recent years, there has been a push to make Hindi a more prominent language in India, with some advocating for it to be made the sole official language of the country. However, there is also strong opposition to this idea, as India is a multilingual country with many other languages spoken by large numbers of people. Hindi is an important language in India and the wider South Asian region, with a rich literary tradition and a significant number of speakers. Its continued use and promotion are important for preserving the cultural heritage of the region.
हिन्दी संवैधानिक रूप से भारत की प्रथम राजभाषा है और भारत की सबसे अधिक बोली और समझी जानेवाली भाषा है। चीनी के बाद यह विश्व में सबसे अधिक बोली जाने वाली भाषा भी है। हिन्दी और इसकी बोलियाँ उत्तर एवँ मध्य भारत के विविध राज्यों में बोली जाती हैं । भारत और अन्य देशों में में ६० करोड़ से अधिक लोग हिन्दी बोलते, पढ़ते और लिखते हैं। फ़िजी, मॉरिशस, गयाना, सूरीनाम की अधिकतर और नेपाल की कुछ जनता हिन्दी बोलती है।
Hindi (हिन्दी Hindi) also known as Manak Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी; meaning "Standard Hindi"), High Hindi, Nagari Hindi, and Literary Hindi, is a standardised and sanskritised register of the Hindi-Urdu language derived from the Khariboli dialect of Delhi and Western Uttar Pradesh. It is one of the official languages of the Republic of India.
Spoken In : India, Significant communities in Mauritius, South Africa, United States, Canada, Nepal
Native Speakers: Standard Hindi: 180 million (1991), Total: 490 million, including Urdu)
Language family: Indo-European > Indo-Iranian > Indo-Aryan > Central zone > Western Hindi > Khariboli > Hindustani > Standard Hindi
Writing system: Devanagari.
Official language in: India
Regulated by: Central Hindi Directorate (India)
Language codes: hi (ISO 639-1), hin (ISO 639-2, ISO 639-3)
Colloquial Standard Hindi is mutually intelligible with another register of Hindustani language called Urdu. Mutual intelligibility decreases in literary and specialized contexts which rely on educated vocabulary. Due to religious nationalism and communal tensions, speakers of both Hindi and Urdu frequently assert that they are distinct languages, despite the fact that native speakers generally cannot tell the colloquial languages apart. The combined population of Hindi-Urdu speakers is the fourth largest in the world. However, the number of native speakers of Standard Hindi is unclear. According to the 2001 Indian census, 258 million people in India reported their native language to be "Hindi". However, this includes large numbers of speakers of Hindi dialects besides Standard Hindi; as of 2009, the best figure Ethnologue could find for Khariboli dialect was a 1991 citation of 180 million.
- "A Reference Grammar of Modern Hindi" by R.S. McGregor - This comprehensive grammar book covers all aspects of Hindi grammar, including phonetics, morphology, and syntax. It is an essential resource for students and scholars of Hindi language and linguistics.
- "Hindi: An Essential Grammar" by R. S. Mcgregor - This book is a concise and user-friendly guide to the grammar of Hindi. It covers all the key grammatical structures of the language and is perfect for those who are looking for a quick and easy reference.
- "A History of Hindi Literature" by Firoz Khan - This book provides a detailed and informative overview of the history of Hindi literature, from its ancient roots to the present day. It covers the works of major poets and writers, as well as the cultural and historical context in which they were produced.
- "Hindi-English Bilingual Children's Books: My First Hindi Words" by Tim Timmerman - This is a great resource for children who are learning Hindi as a second language. It is a collection of bilingual children's books that help teach the basics of Hindi vocabulary and grammar in a fun and interactive way.
- "Hindi-English Dictionary" by Oxford University Press - This comprehensive dictionary is a useful resource for anyone learning Hindi, with over 40,000 entries covering both Hindi-English and English-Hindi translations. It includes detailed explanations of grammar and usage, making it an essential tool for language learners.
- "Hindi-Urdu as a Pluricentric Language" by Barbara M. Slogan - This book provides an in-depth look at the historical and cultural factors that have shaped the Hindi-Urdu language, and how it is spoken and understood in different regions of India and Pakistan. It is a valuable resource for scholars of linguistics and South Asian studies.
- "Learning Hindi: A Complete Guide" by Dinesh Verma - This guidebook is a great resource for those who are new to Hindi language. It covers everything from basic grammar and vocabulary to reading and writing, and includes exercises and practice materials to help learners improve their skills.
- Government: National Portal of India : india.gov.in
- Official Unicode Chart for Devanagari : https://www.unicode.org/charts/PDF/U0900.pdf
- Wikipedia : en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindi_language
- Himmat Singh Gill (2000-01-23). "Books: Indian male is dissected and found wanting". The Tribune Spectrum. Retrieved 2007-03-24.
- McGregor, R.S. (1993), Oxford Hindi–English Dictionary (2004 ed.), Oxford University Press, USA.
- John Thompson Platts (1884). A dictionary of Urdū, classical Hindī, and English (reprint ed.). LONDON: H. Milford. pp. 1259. Retrieved 2011-07-06.Oxford University.
- The Constitution of India.
- Ethnologue, "Statistical Summaries: by language size
- Central Hindi Directorate regulates the use of Devanagari script and Hindi spelling in India. Source: Central Hindi Directorate: Introduction.
- Ethnologue, "Hindi"
- The Union: Official Language.